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Realization of the Voiced Velar in the Speech of Oryol Area Inhabitants

Student: Anastasiya Chasovskikh

Supervisor: Nina Dobrushina

Faculty: Faculty of Humanities

Educational Programme: Fundamental and Computational Linguistics (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2017

The aim of the research was to find a correlation between different types of realization of the voiced velar in the speech of Oryol citizens and their education level (school/technical secondary school/university) and place of birth (city/village). Retired people still have dialect language features that is why the middle age of the informants was 66 years (from 55 to 72). To reveal informants’ dialect features I made an experiment that consisted of two different tests. During the first test I asked them to read a text that contained some marker words with a voiced velar in different positions: друг(‘friend’), луг(‘field’)–луга, сапог(‘boot’)–cапога, плуг(‘plough’), пирог(‘cake’)–пирога, утюг(‘iron’)–утюга, круг(‘circle’)–круга with a voiced velar. During the second test they had to read some lines and replace pictures with words. There also were the same marker words: сапог(‘boot’)–cапога, пирог(‘cake’)–пирога, утюг(‘iron’)–утюга, круг(‘circle’)–круга. I also made a second online experiment to reveal the main dialect Oryol feature. I made a test with 17 questions about personal information of an informant and some dialect features he/she knows. 7 questions contained different audio fragments that were parts of my interviews from the previous research. Informants had to listen to the audios and choose the hypothetical place of birth for the person speaking. The online research revealed that the main Oryol dialect feature is the voiced velar [ɣ]. I analyzed the data of first research with a dispersion analysis using R coding and it revealed that the most important sociolinguistic factor that influences on informants’ speech is the place of their birth. My online research revealed that Oryol inhabitants perceive voiced velar [ɣ] before the vowel as the main dialect feature. If this sound takes the position at the end of a word, it is pronounced as [х] is perceived as less dialectal.

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