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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Olga Gritsenko
Statistical Analysis of Socioeconomic Factors of Children Overweight in Russia
Economics and Statistics
(Bachelor’s programme)
2017
The problem of overweight and obesity in the children's population is relevant not only in developed countries, but also in developing countries, where the problem of hunger was previously acute. In Russia, the number of children with overweight and obesity is increasing every year, but the problem is not widely analyzed in our country. Thus, the main aim of the study was to analyze the socio-economic factors of overweight in children in Russia.

In the course of the analysis using the construction of binary selection models, it was found that the probability of overweight in children aged 8-13 and 14-19 years is affected by different factors: type of settlement, per capita income, frequency of consumption of "harmful" and useful food, time for various activities - for children 8-13 years old, and the frequency of hot food, regular breakfast, the number of children under 18 in the household, the proportion of food costs, visiting a fast food cafe for children aged 14-19.

With the help of ARIMA models, a forecast was made up to 2020 for the proportion of children with overweight and obesity from 0 to 5 and from 5 to 19 years. It was found that the proportion of children with overweight and obesity is more than 5 years. At the same time, the level of excess weight / obesity in children 5-19 years is also quite high.

In general, the study of the main factors and costs of overweight in the child population is a prerequisite for taking comprehensive measures to solve the problem.

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