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Student
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Anastasiya Vasilisina
Typology of Nominalization of Adjectives in East Caucasian
2017
This work is devoted to the typology of nominalization of attributives in the Nakh-Daghestanian languages (based on the data from adjectives). The adjective, being used attributively, modifies the head noun. When an adjective is used without a head, or substantively, it becomes the head itself and begins to function as a noun. This work aims to describe the morphological behaviour of nominalized adjectives in the Nakh-Daghestanian languages.

This paper considers partial and occasional nominalization, when the adjective can be used both attributively and substantively. If compared to the English language, we are not interested in nominalizations like “poor > poverty/poorness”. We are focused on cases like: “The poor should be protected”. Nominalization in this sense is the extended use of adjectives (in contrast with the categorial use of adjectives as noun modifiers).

The work is based on grammatical descriptions of thirty-one Nakh-Daghestanian languages. Three Dargwa idioms were included in the sample: Itsari, Tanti, and Kubachi.

The second section of the work contains a review of theoretical and typological literature devoted to the nominalization of adjectives. The third section includes a brief overview of the main grammatical features of the Nako-Daghestanian languages. The fourth section is devoted to a more detailed description of the morphological properties of adjectives in these languages. The fifth section presents a study of nominalization strategies for every Nakh-Daghestanian language. The sixth section provides the distribution of strategies considering the genetic division of languages.

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