Year of Graduation
Semantic-Syntactic Restrictions and Prosodic Peculiarities of Russian Verbless Exclamatives
Fundamental and Computational Linguistics
The paper is devoted to verbless exclamatives constructions in Russian. The goal of the paper is to investigate morphosyntactic, lexical and prosodic features of Russian verbless exclamatives with interrogative pronouns ‘kakoj’, ‘kak’, ‘skol'ko’, ‘skol'’, ‘naskol'ko’, ‘do čego’, ‘čto za’ (e.g., Kakoj zam’ečatel'nij večer! ‘What a wonderful evening!’). After analysis of the proposed properties of exclamatives constructions in different approaches, following criteria for identifying exclamatives were formulated – semantic criterion (or scalar), lexical-syntactic and intonational criteria, among which the semantic one is the most important. Based on the selected criteria, all types of exclamative constructions were divided into two groups – exclamations (exclamatives constructions in wide sense) and exclamatives (exclamative construction in narrow sense). Different types of exclamatives were distinguished. Each of them has its own morphosyntactic peculiarities, restrictions, and prosodic features. All exclamatives constructions were classified according to their syntactic distribution. Also, among exclamatives were distinguished rhetorical questions, and specialconstructions, that perform typical functions in the dialogue. An unexpected result of the study is the class of constructions in which the intonational criterion is more important than semantic, as well as the rareness of verblessed (or reduced) exclamative constructions with interrogative pronouns in the Russian language. The study was conducted on the materials of the RNC. All in all, around 7000 exclamatives were analyzed.