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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Irina Danielyan
The Role of Methods of Solid Waste Management in Solving Environmental and Economic Problems in Case of the EU Countries
World Economy
(Master’s programme)
7
2017
The relevance of this thesis is that today the problem of waste management is one of the most crucial in modern society because of a steady increase in the volume of the municipal solid waste. The thesis contains the analysis of the municipal solid waste management policy of such EU countries as Austria, Germany, Belgium and Netherlands, as these EU countries are the most effective in implementing the solid waste management system.

The purpose of this thesis is to identify the most effective methods of solid waste management from the point of view of ecology and economy with the accumulated experience in the solid waste management of EU countries.

The master's thesis consists of three chapters, introduction, conclusion and application.

The first chapter includes the main theoretical positions of waste management and the methods of waste management. The second chapter is devoted to the identification of the most effective method of solid waste management on the basis of the experience of European countries through the analysis of various criteria. The third chapter reflects the state of the solid waste management system and the prospects for processing municipal solid waste in the Russian Federation.

The main conclusions of the thesis are that recycling and re-use of solid waste is a key aspect of a resource-efficient and energy-saving economy. Many European countries have already begun to a transition to a circular economy, but the concept of non-waste production is not yet feasible. The system of municipal solid waste management in the Russian Federation is only at the initial stage of the development, therefore it is necessary to develop a step-by-step action plan for achieving the level of the most successful countries of the EU.

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