Year of Graduation
Antonio Gramsci's Political Philosophy as a Theory of Action
Philosophy and Religious Studies
This work dwells upon the problem of interpretation of Antonio Gramsci`s political philosophy as a theory of action. The author considers contemporary discussions on the problem of the correlation between the State and civil society in Gramsci`s philosophy. In order to find out whether it is possible to localize hegemony in one of these spheres, the author refers to the research of Peter Thomas, who attempts to reveal the notion of an Integral State as one of the key concepts in Gramsci's legacy. This approach is very productive and allows us to determine the structure of political action in the Integral State. Special attention is paid to the reception of Machiavelli's ideas in Gramsci's theory, which allows us to grasp an important dimension of unity of thought and action, philosophy and politics in a hegemonic project. Thus, hegemony in this sense can be conceived as a political action, and its implementation as a "philosophical fact."