Year of Graduation
The Meaning of a Literary Work: Philosophical Discussions of the Second Half of XX Century
In this paper the problem of the meaning of a literary work is considered and a number of questions are posed, to which we are trying to answer. Firstly, what is the meaning of the literary work and where does it come from? Secondly, who is responsible for this meaning (reader, author, language or something else)? Thirdly, why when we talk about the meaning of the work, we always deal with its multiplicity? Through this multiplicity we are trying to consider the meaning itself. Also there is a proof that the multiplicity of meanings cannot be called relativism, but a necessary measure for any literary work. We rely on the views of such philosophers as W. Iser, P. Ricoeur, H.G. Gadamer, U. Eco, R. Bart, M. Foucault and L. Wittgenstein. The work is a cataloging of various doctrines aimed at revealing the meaning of the literary work.