• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Viktoria Kalinina
The Perception of Russia by Joseph de Maistre and Madame de Stael
History
(Bachelor’s programme)
2017
Perception of Russia by foreigners is one of rapidly developing modern scientific directions. Memories, diaries and letters created by foreigners become the important sources of the new information for the researchers. The object is the letters, travelling notes and publicism of G. de Staёl and J. de Maistre. The subject is their statements about Russia. The choice of these authors is caused, firstly, the fact that they were in Russia at the same time and saw approximately same world. Secondly, the fact that they both occupy a prominent place in the history of the European conservatism (Maistre) and liberalism (Staёl). It helps to see the different ideological positions in their perception of Russian life.

The goal is to find out specifics of the perception of Russia of Staёl and Maistre. To achieve this goal it is necessary to solve the following tasks. Firstly, is to consider when and under what conditions the works of these authors were written. The second task is to identify and to interpret the first impression of French which they had about the Russian Empire. It is about the appearance of the country (climatic and architectural features), and also about the way of life of Russian people. Thirdly, is to consider the perception of the internal atmosphere that prevailed in the country, according to foreigners.

The work consists of three chapters. The first chapter talks about the main sources (Staёl «Ten years of exile» and «Travelling diaries»; Maistre «St. Petersburg letters 1803 - 1817», «Four Chapters on Russia», «The jokes collected by the count J. de Maistre») and the authors. The second chapter is devoted to that image of Russia which has developed at foreigners at the first view of the country. In the third chapter, the view of Staёl and Maistre on the social, spiritual and political spheres of life of society is given.

Thus, consideration of opposing views helps to look at events in a new way.

Student Theses at HSE must be completed in accordance with the University Rules and regulations specified by each educational programme.

Summaries of all theses must be published and made freely available on the HSE website.

The full text of a thesis can be published in open access on the HSE website only if the authoring student (copyright holder) agrees, or, if the thesis was written by a team of students, if all the co-authors (copyright holders) agree. After a thesis is published on the HSE website, it obtains the status of an online publication.

Student theses are objects of copyright and their use is subject to limitations in accordance with the Russian Federation’s law on intellectual property.

In the event that a thesis is quoted or otherwise used, reference to the author’s name and the source of quotation is required.

Search all student theses