Year of Graduation
Legal Regulation of Primary Elections: Russian and Foreign Practice
Primaries or primary elections is a special procedure for determining by a political party or a group of political parties (an electoral bloc) candidates who will represent party at the official elections. Holding primaries involves a wide range of people in determining candidates from a political party. Depending on the model chosen by the political party or state, in primaries can take part only members of a party (closed model) or all citizens with an active electoral right on the day of official elections. Primaries can be examined as a rating vote to determine the most powerful candidate who has the greatest support among voters. For Russian political parties, the use of the pre-elections is a new experience. The impossibility of protecting the rights of candidats and voters in the primaries by electoral legislation and the presence of numerous irregularities in the primary elections, as well as the possible settlement of the procedure of primaries at the level of federal legislation, makes it necessary to study the Russian experience in legal regulation of primary elections, comparing it with the election procedure, and analyzing existing models of legal regulation of the procedure for primary elections in foreign countries. It should be noted that in the Russian scientific legal literature there is still no comprehensive study of the primaries procedure. In this work will be described different models of legal regulation of the primary procedure (in the USA, France republic, Latin America, Italy), described experience of Russian political parties and proposed amendments to the way how primary elections are regulated in our country with aspects on freedom of political parties.