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Analysis of Factors Affecting the Turnover Intention of Public Employees in the USA
The problem of turnover intention in public sector is receiving considerable attention from scholars and practitioners because human resources are essential component of each organization. High staff turnover rates result in ineffective work of state agencies. The purpose of this research is to find the correlation between employee`s intent to leave the organization and the demographic (sex, age, seniority, education level) and organizational factors (level of goal ambiguity, employee`s satisfaction rate with pay and working conditions). This study is aimed to make a literature review, formulate hypotheses, test them using mathematical techniques, and finally, make recommendations for improving HR strategies in public organizations. Statistic data and figures from Federal Employee Viewpoint Survey (FEVS) are sources of information for the logit regression analysis. This research found that intrinsic motivation was significantly and negatively related to employees’ intention to leave their organization, whereas educational level was positively associated with turnover intention. It is hoped that future research efforts will be directed toward to analyze staff turnover using different samples. The results of current research can be used for the development of new HR strategies in public sector.