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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Elina Mukhametziyanova
The (Post) Soviet B-Movie of Perestroika and Beyond in the Context of Exploitation Studies
Cultural Studies
(Bachelor’s programme)
2017
The "perestroika" period and the early post-soviet years for the Russian cinema were a time of crisis, but on the other hand - a period of new opportunities. For those who made films there were no longer forbidden subjects and strong authorities. Furthermore, new economic reforms made it possible to make low- budget commercial movies. This way, mostly on a self-supporting basis, with the money of random sponsors by the end of the «perestroika», small studios began to shoot entertaining genre movies. The main purpose of creating such movies was to make a quick profit For this reason, the producers tried to "hook" the viewer with subjects that had previously been unacceptable for the screen: sex, violence, youth crime, corrupt government structures, currency fraud, etc. The formation of genre diversity was also influenced by foreign genre products. In the 1980s - 1990s, a video boom was in the country: first in video salons and video rentals, and later on home cassettes VHS - (post) Soviet spectators got acquainted with cult action movies, horror films and erotic films of foreign production.

The phenomenon of cheap genre cinema of late 1980- early 90-s period is still ignored academic research, and film critics – contemporaries found such a type of film production vulgar and uninteresting. Nevertheless, more than one decade, today we can look alternatively at the role of "cheap" cinema in the (post) soviet cinematic system. As a possible optics of consideration in this paper, a hypothesis is proposed about the origin of Russian exploitation film in the late, therefore the theoretical basis here is exploitation studies, as well as (post)soviet mass culture studies.

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