Year of Graduation
Being Ostracized Influence how we Perceive Innocent Others
Applied Social Psychology
Prior work on person perception has revealed that we judge others along three dimensions, namely, warmth, morality, and competence. In two experiments, I examined how ostracism affected the way people perceive innocent others. In the first experiment, that included 107 respondents, participants were either included or ostracized in an online ball − tossing game and then indicated the features they prioritize in an innocent stranger. The results demonstrated that warmth was higher valued by ostracized than included people. Contrary to my predictions, first study did not present support for the hypotheses that there was no difference in prioritizing morality traits between included and ostracized people, as morality had to be in focal attention independently of the experience. In the second experiment, that included 190 respondents, participants were instructed to recall and describe a past event in which they were either included or ostracized by a stranger or a close person (2*2). The results indicated that there was no interaction effect between the inclusionary status of the respondents and the sources of experience on both morality and warmth. Therefore, I did not find supporting evidence for hypothesis that ostracized participants should prioritize warmth more than included ones when the source of ostracism is stranger and ostracized participants should prioritize morality more than included people when the source of ostracism is close person.