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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Elena Lisitsyna
J.J. Lerche (1708-1780): A Foreign Physician in Russian Service
Historical Knowledge
(Master’s programme)
2017
The present M.A. thesis provides a study of the paths and the results of the activity of the Prussian physician J.J. Lerche (1708-1780) in Russian service. They are considered from the perspective of the processes of science and knowledge transfer, the field for which formed 18th-century Russian medicine. Based on the reach written heritage of Lerche, the author attempts to identify the specifics of adaptation, interpretation and changes of medical / scientific practices and different forms of knowledge in their transfer between “East” and “West”.

The analysis of forms of the Lerche’s professional activity in medical and scientific institutions both of Europe and Russia reveals the specifics of his “medical practice”, investigations and social state. The main tasks of learned foreign physicians seem to have been the organization of the overcoming of mass diseases (epidemics and endemics). For the realization of this sort of obligations served the typical for early modern European culture practices of daily notes record. The particularities of the information change are showed through the research of the Lerche’s narratives about diseases and petroleum. The wide educational background of a physician gave him the opportunity to communicate both with Russian and European scientific institutions, to participate in the actions of Russian government and to create the knowledge about the “other”.

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