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Cultural Adaptation of Foreign Students as a Social Process of Mastering Everyday Life

Student: Makta Iskeyeva

Supervisor: Lyubov A. Tsyganova

Faculty: Faculty of Communications, Media, and Design

Educational Programme: Advertising and Public Relations (Bachelor)

Year of Graduation: 2018

Final qualifying work consists of introduction, 3 chapters, conclusion, references and appendices. The aim of the study was to identify the content, structure and features of the process of socio-cultural adaptation of foreign students studying in Russian universities. The method was an online survey, consisting of 12 questions divided into blocks: the time of stay in Russia, familiarity with the culture before moving, the habituation and acceptance of the new cultural environment and General information. The data obtained were subjected to statistical analysis using the SPSS. 100 students from leading universities of Moscow took part in the survey. The majority of respondents are characterized by low communicative competence and not extensive knowledge about the culture. After a close acquaintance with culture, there was a complete transformation of ideas about it: recipients highly appreciated the changes in their knowledge and ideas about the main components of the culture of the Russian Federation. On average, it took 4-6 months for students to adapt. The speed of adaptation is influenced by openness to communication and trust in the representatives of the host country. More often than other symptoms of cultural shock, this sample showed a sense of loss, isolation, and a desire to leave. Interaction with Russians for foreign students is more comfortable in the learning process for the reason that this group is allowed a lower level of communicative competence. Symptoms of cultural shock have a significant impact on the formation of intercultural competence. With the largest negative force on the formation of intercultural competence is affected by the desire to escape: because of the existence of the symptom foreigners "closed" in themselves exhibit a low level of trust to the representatives of the host country and remain unsatisfied from communicating strong value this symptom has not only to respect for cultural differences and attention to interaction.

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