Year of Graduation
Court President: Status, Appointment and Role in the Judiciary
The research is devoted to the issues of the legal status of the chairman of the court and the role that this figure plays in the judiciary of Russia. The purpose of the study is to analyze the legal norms on the status of chairmen of courts, to find the problems of legislation in this area and ways to overcome them. This goal is accomplished by execution of tasks for: 1) reviewing the history of presidency in Russian courts; 2) analysis of the court presidents’ status modern regulation; 3) identification of relevant legislation problems in the context of ideas on judicial independence; 4) the search for ways to improve the norms about chairmen. The structure of the work is determined by its purpose and objectives, it includes an introduction, two chapters, a conclusion, a list of sources and literature. The first chapter combines two paragraphs, which reflect the conclusions about the trends of historical development and about the current place of the court chairman. These conclusions allow us to form a general idea of the court president. The second chapter is devoted to the problems of ensuring the independence of the judiciary, caused by the current legislative regulation of the court presidents’ status. This chapter contains two paragraphs, the first of which describes the negative effects of applying the norms about the court chairman, and the second describes a list of measures to develop legislation in this area. Based on the research, the following conclusions were drawn: 1. The complex regulation of the court chairman status in Russia is a relatively young phenomenon. 2. The current concept of chairmanship is the declarative recognition of the chairman as "the first among equals" – a judge with organizational powers. 3. The scope of the chairman’s rights with regard to ordinary judges is too wide, which creates a threat to judicial independence. 4. There is a need to exclude certain functions and powers from the chairman legal status scope.