Year of Graduation
Electoral Systems and Their Consequences
The term “electoral system” has multiple meanings. Some authors stick to the point of view that electoral system is just a way of counting votes and distribution of elected posts between candidates however, the others define it as a broader concept. Historically developed two main systems – proportional representation system and majoritarian election system. The basic idea of majoritarian election system is that the most qualified personality shall be selected to represent the constituency. Proportional representation system means that political parties play a key role in creating political solutions (even in a majority election system). A reasonable number of competing parties will create more and better ideas while just two big parties (resulting from the majoritarian election system) tend to be at a deadlock with inflexible positions. Both systems do have advantages and shortcomings and there is no generally accepted preference. Two important points to be considered are equal and just influence of every vote on the electoral result and stability of the political system. The author analyzes the variations that used to exist and that exist today in order to understand how election system affects the country’s political life and how to make the system more democratic and fair.