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The Importance of Socio-Political Dimension in Ensuring National Security of Japan in the Modern Period

Student: Gayane Grigoryan

Supervisor: Sergey I. Lunev

Faculty: Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs

Educational Programme: International Relations: European and Asian Studies (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2018

At present, Japan, although is an active participant in international affairs, has already lost its position as the most powerful and prosperous power in the region. As a result, Japan has reconsidered its own geopolitical role in the Asia-Pacific region and has started to transform the spheres related to its own interests and security. The situation around Japan is becoming more serious; such factors as, for example, the problem of ensuring security in APAC or international terrorism intertwined with the ongoing national security strategy of Japan, which in turn is an integral part of the existing security system in the region and the world. The paper refers to the socio-political dimension, rather than to the traditional military paradigm. It is the socio-political dimension in ensuring Japan's national security that determines the overall policy of the state in international affairs in the field of security and defense. Despite the fact that Japan declares itself as a peaceful state, in the region such activity is equated with the return of Japanese militarism, while Japan itself determines the actions by current necessity. It is difficult to say with absolute certainty which specific path Japan will take in the future, but there is a need to adapt to new realities, especially concerning Japan's current geopolitical position and its national security.

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