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The Formation of Administrative Justice in the Russian Empire in the First Half of the XIX Century

Student: Nikita Peregudov

Supervisor: Alsu Nazimovna Biktasheva

Faculty: Faculty of Humanities

Educational Programme: Historical Knowledge (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2018

The present paper is devoted to the research of administrative justice in the Russian Empire in the first half of the 19th century. According to the historiographical condition of the study of the problem it was believed that there was no administrative justice within the aforesaid chronological framework and for this reason the present aspect of the problem was insufficiently explored. The paper seeks to renounce disregard for the research of the problem; it studies ideological, legislative and institutional principals and presents the findings demonstrating the emergence of administrative justice in the Russian Empire within the aforesaid period of time. The process of its coming into existence and being formed fails to show such features as regularity, or adjustment; there was no vector of generation of the administrative justice concept. Nevertheless, certain authorities were vested with the principal functions of administrative justice. At the same time, it is impossible to identify any authority that would unequivocally fall under the notion of administrative justice body; it would be right to consider individual authorities vested with special powers. The Petitions Committee, the Senate and the Third Section of His Imperial Majesty's Own Chancellery were to a certain extent vested with supervisory responsibility, exercised control over the legality of taken decisions, and, above all, were authorized to handle petitions, that is people’s complaints against the decisions of individual authorities. The paper presents the analysis of the functions of the aforesaid authorities and the system of authorities on the whole after it states the legislative principles of administrative justice operation within the period under consideration.

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