Year of Graduation
From Negativity to Positivity: the Concept of Revolution in Contemporary Left-Wing Political Thought
The current state of the political world literally drove left-wing political thought into a blind alley. The right-wing political project in the form of neoliberal utopia became dominant and demonstrated its obvious advantages over the socialist understanding of the world order, making left-wing concepts reaction to occasional imperfections. In the absence of sufficient conceptual apparatus, revolutionary left-wing political thought demonstrated its incapacity of defining a revolution, which is adequate to the actual state of the political world. How does the definition of revolution, overcoming reactionary character by saturating it with a new conceptual apparatus, ensures its potential for liberation in the actual state of the political world? To determine a positive revolution, the author overwhelms the problem of an agent of a political event. As a paradigm for reasoning about the agent of revolution, the latest achievement of leftist political thought is used in the thesis, which is namely a new view of ontology formulated by Heidegger, and revised through the prism of Spinoza's political philosophy. The idea behind this is the focus on principles of coexistence of individuals at the existence level (co-presence). As a result, the author defines positive revolution through its agent as a process, a crisis of the actual state of the political world, against which the revolutionary communities directly come forward with a positive agenda. The results of this thesis expand the boundaries of contemporary discussions about egalitarianism and new communism.