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Policy Responses to Islamization in Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in 2010s

Student: Temirbek Kappassov

Supervisor: Sergey Parkhomenko

Faculty: Faculty of Social Sciences

Educational Programme: Political Analysis and Public Policy (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2018

This paper attempts to analyze the policy responses of Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan to Islamization in 2010s. The main goal was to seek for more effective decisions to prevent radicalization of Islam and hold secular political systems in these Central Asian countries. Central Asia gained own and unique experience in response to Islamization but this knowledge was gained by different ways and in different historical, political and economic conditions. This research comes to the following conclusions: - Religious organizations may achieve political purposes. Tajikistan is an interesting example when religious movement gained status of a political party. - The state policy towards religion was drastically changed. Since the governments of Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan concentrated basically on establish comprehensive dialogue between state, religion and society. - We identified the evolution of state policy in religious sphere from simplistic approaches of fighting only with extremism to multifaceted approaches in order to seek peaceful balance between secular state, Islam’s influence on everyday life of citizens, religious actors and society. - We came to one important conclusion that since 2010 Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan began to realize policy for nationalization of Islam through giving religion its own adequate conception and vision to national traditions and political history. The main goal of Central Asian states’ policy is to seek balance between Islam, culture and national traditions in order not to lose historical and cultural roots.

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