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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Anna Baryshnikova
Specificity of Taiwan's Participation in International Organizations
Asian and African Studies
(Bachelor’s programme)
9
2018
Despite the uncertain diplomatic status and opposition from China, Taiwan is seeking to expand its international participation. This paper is aimed at determining the specifics and peculiarities of Taiwan's participation in such international organizations as the UN, WHO, WTO and APEC. Achieving this goal implies the following tasks: an analysis of the reasons preventing Taiwan's accession to the UN and WHO; the definition of the modern policy of the Republic of China aimed at more active participation in these organizations; the identification of special conditions that allowed Taiwan to achieve full membership in the WTO and APEC; and the definition of the role of Taipei in these organizations and consideration of its specific activities.

This work is based on the analysis of research papers, official documents and information sources on the participation of Taiwan in the IGO.

The result of this study show, that the disputed diplomatic status of the Republic of China, as well as China's one-China position, does not allow Taiwan to become part of the UN and WHO, where membership requires statehood. However, joining these organizations remains an important foreign policy direction for the Republic of China, which has changed direction from the requirement of full membership to more active participation in the UN model. Speaking of joining the WTO and APEC, Taiwan had to make various concessions, for example, participation under the name "Chinese Taipei" in order to obtain membership in these organizations. Despite the restrictions imposed, Taiwan is actively involved in the activities of APEC and the WTO, which contributes to increasing its role in the international community.

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