Year of Graduation
Influence of "Homo Soveticus" on the Political Process During the Presidency of Boris Eltsin
At the present moment, the consensus in political science is the view that the process of democratic transformation of the political regime in Russia, which began with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, has so far failed, giving way to reverse processes. Although the process of political transformation in any country always relies on a number of factors, most researchers agree that the transformation and consolidation of the political regime in the state depends to a large extent on the "human capital", by which a number of characteristics inherent for the society are meant. The aim of this study is to identify the specifics of the influence of the "Soviet man" as the dominant social type in post-Soviet Russia, its social and cultural characteristics, values and orientations on the political process in the period from 1991 to 1999. The paper provides an analysis of the theoretical foundations of the concept "homo soveticus", proposed by Y. Levada, as well as author’s own empirical analysis of the statistical data collected in the course of mass public opinion surveys in 1990-ies.