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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Elina Vasileva
The Transformation of Artistic image in Iraqi Painting of XX – Beginning of XXI Century
Asian and African Studies
(Bachelor’s programme)
10
2018
The XX century was the time of Arabic art renaissance. Modern Arabic visual art immerged and started to develop because of national liberation movement in the region. Arab artistic movement maintained the fight against colonialism through depicting a national identity in the art. Iraqi painting is the greatest example of this phenomenon. It is based on several artistic traditions of the different periods so it is worth the detailed investigation.

This paper aims to analyze the artistic images of Iraqi painting of XX – beginning of XXI century. According to the main goals it investigates the development of modern Iraqi art movement, the art of prominent Iraqi masters Dia al-Azzawi, Suad al-Attar, Faik Hasan, Jawad Salim etc., and the influence of Iraqi ancient heritage on its new painting tradition.

With the comparative historical method was investigated the main stages of Iraqi new school of painting. Through the art review were made the conclusions about the artistic images of the affected period.

This paper concludes that the second half of the XX century was the time of Iraqi art groups activity and the formation of new Iraqi school of painting. The Iraqi artists felt the importance of their role in the socialist futuristic movement. In their art they reflected the future of the new Arab personality.

This paper also highlightes that Iraqi painting was influenced by Western artistic tradition and the national cultural heritage. Iraqi artists investigated Sumerian and Assyrian art and the art of Abbasid caliphate. In oder to show the national identity Iraqi masters widely used the artistic images of Ancient Mesopotamia which includes mythology, traditional symbols and artistic forms of that time. They also applied Islamic medieval art heritage such as the calligraphy, literature, miniature painting and the motifs of tragedy.

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