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  • Military Conflicts in Iraq and its Impact on International Relations in the Middle East Region in the Late XX - Early XXI Centuries.

Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Elizaveta Strochkova
Military Conflicts in Iraq and its Impact on International Relations in the Middle East Region in the Late XX - Early XXI Centuries.
Asian and African Studies
(Bachelor’s programme)
2018
A course paper “Protection of monuments of cultural heritage of the Middle East in the areas of armed conflicts in the 21st century (in case of Syria and Iraq)” is devoted to the issue of the preservation of the cultural heritage of Iraq and Syria in the zone of armed conflict. A work includes Introduction, 3 chapters, Conclusion and References.

The main goal that has been set up in this work is to investigate contemporary problems of the protection of the cultural heritage of Iraq and Syria.

In accordance with the goal, it is necessary to solve the following tasks:

• to analyze international and local regulations on the protection of cultural monuments in the areas of armed conflict and to identify the responsibilities of the parties at the internal and external levels;

• to study the condition of the monuments of fine and decorative art before and after armed conflicts in both countries.

In this work were used complex methods of research. The legal framework based on Arabic and English sources was used to analyze the main international and local regulations related to the protection of cultural monuments. Artistic and stylistic analysis allowed to explore the creativity of various peoples and cultures in the territory of Iraq and Syria. Culturological methods of research made it possible to study the history and theory of interaction of Middle Eastern cultures in the territory of certain countries.

Based on the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

- the international and local legislative framework on protection of monuments of cultural heritage during military conflicts is weak and ineffective;

- lack of control and protection of cultural monuments by international organizations resulted to the destruction of the cultural heritage of Iraq and Syria.

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