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Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Albina Nasibullina
The History of the Development of Chinese Collections in the Museums of St. Petersburg
Asian and African Studies
(Bachelor’s programme)
The proposed work is devoted to the history of the development of Chinese collections in the museums of St. Petersburg, the Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography, the State Hermitage, the Peterhof State Museum, the Tsarskoe Selo, the Menshikov Palace and Oranienbaum.

The purpose of the work is to study the history of the development of Chinese collections in Russia an example of museum collections in St. Petersburg. The following objectives have been pursued:

1. Study of the history of the rise of monuments of Chinese art in St. Petersburg from the XVIII-XX century.

2. Exploration of the history of the formation Chinese collections in each museum separately.

3. Analysis of published scientific materials of the Russian Spiritual Мissions in the XVIII-XIX century and scientific expeditions end of XIX- XX century.

4. Investigation of the issue of transferring private and endowment collections from various scientists and travelers to the museums of St. Petersburg for three centuries.

On the basis of the study, we can conclude that the provenance of fashion for Chinese art originated in Russia in the XVIII century. These proceeds must be associated with the activities of various scientists and travelers who took part in the Russian Spiritual Missions in the XX century.

In the XIX century, the active work of domestic sinologists began, which make a significant contribution to the development of knowledge about the Chinese state as a whole. The end of the XIX century has some profound effects on the replenishment of Chinese collections in the museums of St. Petersburg due to the organizations of various expeditions during which various artifacts are revealed that relate not only to arts and crafts, but also to literature (manuscripts, books)

At the beginning of the XX century, scientific expeditions to Central Asia continue and are one of the main sources of replenishment of Chinese collections in St. Petersburg museums.

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