Year of Graduation
The Link between Mental Health and Job Characteristics: the Case of Russia
Most of the population to some extent experiencing problems with mental health: depression, sleep disorders, anxiety, obsessive feeling of loneliness, etc. Mental disorders are among the leading cases of disease and long-term disability. Therefore, they are one of the most serious public health problems in the world. One of the main factors influencing mental health is the employment characteristics of an individual. We investigate how factors of work demand affect mental health using Russian data collected using data from the annual individual survey Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. We use binary choice models: logit and probit, with time fixed effects and without. Variables are selected based on the demand-control model. In addition to the main hypothesis about the negative impact of work demand on mental health, we assessed the marginal effects compared between entrepreneurs and non-entrepreneurs, as well as separately evaluated the effects for workers in the field of health and education. The paper is structured as follows. First, the modern literature on the topic is considered and the first assumptions are made. Then we consider the situation with mental health in Russia: statistics and problems. Theoretical basis considers the theories and models underlying modern articles. We provided a description of the data then and compiled mental health portrait in Russia from these data. After the initial analysis, the hypotheses of the study were written. In the section results presents quotes from interviews independently and then the results of estimating the models in order to test the hypotheses of the study. The discussion describes the further development of the research and the current problems. Then the conclusions and policy recommendations for Russia are given.