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When Recommendations of the International Observation Missions Bind? Comparative Analysis of Electoral Integrity from 1945 to 2012
Despite the fact, that the invitation of observers to the elections has become an international norm, far from all countries follow the recommendations of observation missions. The paper considers the factors explaining the fulfillment or non-fulfillment of the recommendations. For the analysis the QCA method is used, the sample includes 12 countries of the post-Soviet space. We assume that countries dependent on Western investment are more likely to implement recommendations. This also applies to countries with a higher level of international conditionality, and to countries where there was a color revolution. The main conclusion of the study is that the decision to implement or not to implement the recommendation depends more on the will of the incumbent and on the policy he or she pursues rather than on structural conditions. However, the existence of a recommendation in three out of five models is a prerequisite. The results of the study are important for researchers of democratization. Also, the result has prospects for the policy, which will increase the level of compliance with international norms.