Year of Graduation
The Analysis of Gender Gap in Higher Education in Russia
Although the gender inequality in wages of faculty members have received much consideration in the research literature abroad, less attention has been given to this issue in Russia and this field of research remains in its infancy. The research was conducted on micro data collected from the Monitoring of education markets and organizations database in 2017. The salary data was analyzed using standard statistical software and an econometric regression model was used to estimate the effect of gender on salary. This paper evaluates the relationship between the gender of faculty members and the size of their salaries taking into account the heterogeneity of Russian universities (universities that are part of the 5-100 program, NRU, universities without special status). It allows to determine causes of gender inequality and understand in which types of universities this problem is solved, and in which it exists. The results of the study showed that men earn more than women in Higher education in Russia. Gender inequality is observed in universities without special status, but in universities that have the status of NRU or are included in the program 5-100 this problem is not present. The main reason of the gender gap in universities without special status is the fact that female teachers are less likely to hold managerial positions than men and spend less time on research activity. The paper suggests recommendations for solving the problem of gender inequality in higher education. From our analysis it appears that it would be valuable to conduct further detailed studies examining the gender inequality in wages in Higher education.