Year of Graduation
New Words in English: Their Morphological and Semantic Mechanisms
Fundamental and Computational Linguistics
This thesis shows how new words appear in English and how they are used. The goals are to highlight the most expanded semantic areas, to detect the most common patterns of word-formation for neologisms, and to determine which words are likely to stay in the usage. The main material for this research are lexicographic databases which contain lists of new words, their meanings and typical contexts. I also use data collected from social networks to test the actual usage of new words by language speakers. As the result, I expect to identify the most rapidly expanding semantic spheres, the most frequent ways to coin new words, and the most entrenched neologisms that have been recently acknowledged lexicographically (added to the dictionary). This thesis can become a contribution to the modern lexicography as the source of the semantic fields within which new concepts and names for them are most likely to appear.