Year of Graduation
The Mechanisms of Censorship in Film Production on "Lenfilm" Studio in 1960-1967s.
The 1960s were the era of the development of mass Soviet cinema and the turning point to new phase of the strict censorship. All this time the censorship was the essential part of the movie creation process. However, in the literature, the question about the censors, is practically not studied, but the authors are faced with the problem of determining the differences between the "censor" and "editor". This paper investigates the practices of the working process of censors (for example: some instructions) and their communication practices with the authors of the cinema. In response to this, the paper used the ethnographic approach (that was described by Robert Darnton) and analyzed the “strategies” and “tactics” (that were described by Michel de Certeau) of the censors on the workplace to make the reconstruction of their everyday life and communicative practices with film creators. In fact, the memoirs of script writers and film directors and regulations of the “Lenfilm” studio were examined. The result helped to reproduce the methods of editing of the scripts or films step by step and ways of negotiation with the authors. From this research, two main findings emerge: the editors of “Lenfilm” studio performed the function of the censors, besides had special instructions from the government to their work. Moreover, there were some approaches to weaken the censorship or to gain some protection via the personal contacts with censors. The work also includes the analysis of the main features of editing of the film V. Melnikov, "The Chief of Chukotka" («Nachal'nik Chukotki») to illustrate the action of the mechanisms of censorship.