• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Olga Leshchenko
Social and Economic Health Determinants among Russian Citizens: The Role of Settlement Type
Sociology
(Bachelor’s programme)
2018
Today, more than half of the world population lives in cities where unhealthy lifestyles predominate, environmental quality is worse, and other factors that are negative effects of urbanization. Back in the 20th century, Georg Simmel wrote about the reduction of social ties and the deterioration of the emotional state in the cities. Nevertheless, in Russia, life expectancy, which is one of the consequences of the health status of the population, is 2 years higher in cities than in rural settlements. Also, some theories argue that in modern cities the quality of infrastructure is higher, which opens more opportunities for taking care of health. Thus, the type of settlement can have an impact not only on the level of health itself but also on what characteristics it relates to.

The aim of the study was to find out how the physical, social, mental and health in general and social, economic factors, a healthy lifestyle and treatment practices are related, depending on the type of settlement. The empirical object was the population of Russia at the age of 18 to 65 years. The data of the 25th wave of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of the NRU HSE were used as an information base.

Regression analysis showed that when considering health as a multivariate variable, we observe a different relationship of factors and types of settlements with it, depending on the type of health being analyzed. Thus, in rural settlements and small towns, health assessment as a whole is worse with an "unhealthy" way of life, and in the largest cities, it is better for "healthy" lifestyle. Also, in some types of settlements, there was a correlation between practices of treatment and health. Individual practices of a healthy lifestyle have been associated with social, physical, and mental health in different types of settlements in different ways.

Student Theses at HSE must be completed in accordance with the University Rules and regulations specified by each educational programme.

Summaries of all theses must be published and made freely available on the HSE website.

The full text of a thesis can be published in open access on the HSE website only if the authoring student (copyright holder) agrees, or, if the thesis was written by a team of students, if all the co-authors (copyright holders) agree. After a thesis is published on the HSE website, it obtains the status of an online publication.

Student theses are objects of copyright and their use is subject to limitations in accordance with the Russian Federation’s law on intellectual property.

In the event that a thesis is quoted or otherwise used, reference to the author’s name and the source of quotation is required.

Search all student theses