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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Andrei Zimovets
Aesthetic Theory of I. Kant and the Problem of Political Revolution
Philosophy
(Bachelor’s programme)
8
2018
This work is devoted to the relationship of the aesthetics and policies of Immanuel Kant on the example of analysis of the concept of political revolution. In particular, for the disclosure of the essence of revolution in the philosophy of the German thinker, a hypothesis is advanced that the cause of the emergence of a revolution is the activity of an aesthetic subject. In this study, the concept of revolution is successively explicated, proceeding from the works of Kant, both subcritical and critical. Based on the political and legal ideas of the thinker, the conclusion is drawn that the revolution as an instrument for resolving political conflicts is unacceptable. On the other hand, proceeding from texts devoted to the problems of history, the revolution as well as the war contribute to the development of society.

For a complete picture of the relationship between the aesthetic and the political in Kant's philosophy, this study examined interpretations of the ideas of the Konigsberg philosopher Hannah Arendt and Friedrich Schiller. On the basis of Arendt's works, a conclusion was drawn that the main role in the political philosophy of Immanuel Kant is played by the aesthetic subject-spectator. Through contemplation of the beautiful in the future, ideas and concepts that shape the formation of revolutions are formed. The interpretation of Kant's aesthetics by Schiller describes contemplation of the beautiful as a way of gaining happiness and freedom.

With the help of the analysis of the beautiful and sublime it was revealed that the revolution as an object of contemplation of the aesthetic subject contributes to the moral perfection of man. Thus, the main conclusion of this study is the fact that despite the fact that the revolution can arise due to aesthetic activity, at the same time, aesthetics consistently leads humanity to renounce political conflicts.

Keywords: Kant, Arendt, Schiller, revolution, aesthetics, sublime.

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