Year of Graduation
Charisma, Mobilization and Enmity: on the Philosophical Interpretation of Political Emotions
In the presented work the qualitative transformations of a public space with occurrence and distribution of populism are considered. The main figure of public space is the crowd. Populism is a rather complex and ambiguous phenomenon. But its main feature is that the crowd also represents the main audience for the populist. The author returns to the classical theories of the crowd, relying on the concepts of Gabriel Tarde and Gustave Le Bon, with the aim of critical attitude to the populism. Thanks to the return to the previous tradition, the main characteristics of the crowd are gathered together. But for what reason do people unite in the crowd? What elements are needed to consolidate people into the crowd? The author suggests that the leading factor in the unification is emotion, which is a sticky element for the crowd. On the example of such situations as charisma, mobilization and enmity, the maximum concentration of feelings of the crowd is demonstrated, the emotions manifested in these situations are revealed, and based on this, the actions of the crowd are analyzed, both in classical theories and in the modern perspective.