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Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Ivan Shesterikov
Interpretation of Intersubjectivity in Analytic Political Philosophy
Philosophy
(Bachelor’s programme)
2018
This paper presents a study of the understanding of intersubjectivity in the framework of analytic political philosophy. For the most rigorous consideration, the author reveals the content of the concept of analytic political philosophy as a political tradition dating to the second half of the twentieth century that has a set of characteristics, including the normativity of the formulated theories, focus on the ideas of Enlightenment and optimism in relation to the possibilities of scientific and philosophical knowledge. The author also reveals the meaning of the notion of intersubjectivity and its characteristics in the phenomenological understanding, which is inherited by the political interpretation, which is most fully represented in the works of J. Habermas. Author examines the arguments of J. Rawls and J. Habermas in the debate about political liberalism, in which both the philosopher presented his own views on the nature of intersubjective processes in political philosophy and political practice. The theory of justice of Rolls is considered, in which the model of formation of the norms common for political unity is formulated, fixed in the concept of "overlapping consensus". When considering the arguments of Rawls through a discussion with Habermas, the conclusion is drawn that Roles' understanding of intersubjective processes is problematic for the purposes of his theory. There is also a link between the notion of overlapping consensus and the affiliation of Rolls to the analytical tradition. The author suggests that the model of social contract is not strict enough to regulate the dynamics of modern cultural and social processes

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