Year of Graduation
Effect of Ostracism on Dispositional Solitude Seekers
Applied Social Psychology
Ostracism or social exclusion usually causes a strong negative response in a person. But sometimes people are not really interested in social interaction or even find it unpleasant. They prefer solitude, and this preference might be a crucial factor that helps people to reduce negative effect of ostracism. This hypothesis was investigated by a scenario-based online experiment where participants were asked to imagine themselves in a hypothetical situation of inclusion or ostracism. After the manipulation, they were asked to self-report their feelings (basic needs and a mood). Additionally participant’s preference for solitude was assessed. The results indicate that preference for solitude does not interact with the event of inclusion or ostracism, meaning that the desire to be alone does not moderate the negative effect of social exclusion. Moreover, it was revealed that no matter in which hypothetical situation participants imagined themselves, their feelings (the basic needs and the mood) were negatively affected along with the rise in preference for solitude. Potential explanations of these results are discussed, recommendations for future research presented, and limitations of the present study are identified.