Year of Graduation
Changing Pattern of Value Divisions in Western Europe: Open versus Close Orientations
Politics. Economics. Philosophy
This research purports to analyze the rise of right-populist parties though the dynamics of voters’ value orientations. This work hypothesizes that existing political value dimensions are not sufficient for explaining attitudes to immigration and integration that are lying behind populist surge and proposing another - “open-close” political value dimension - that captures these attitudes better. The paper also analyses the reasons of such shift by reviewing several factors: political context and party competition from one side and intergenerational social changes from another. Using comparative European Social Survey’s 2004 and 2016 data the research presents a set of empirical tests that support the existence of open-close cleavage. The paper doesn’t aim to capture all aspects of the new dimension concentrating on attitudes to immigration and integration only. Nevertheless, this research represents the first attempt of theoretical and empirical comprehension of this value dimension and might help to understand the voting and protesting behaviour in Western Europe.