Year of Graduation
The Relationship Between Faith and Knowledge in the Works of Thomas Aquinas and Moses Ben Maimon
The main theme of this paper is the relationship between knowledge and faith in the works of two famous medieval thinkers. They are the well-known Jewish medician, philosopher and theologian Moshe Ben Maimon who lived at the end of the 12th century, as well as the famous Christian theologian Thomas Aquinas, who lived in the 13th century. Both thinkers became very famous in the history of medieval philosophy, largely due to their approach to the question of the relationship between faith and knowledge. This problem is where the boundaries of human knowledge are, and also how much faith needs its support. A strong influence on the philosophy and approach to this problem in Thomas and Maimonides was influenced by the Greek philosopher Aristotle, who presented a logical system of knowledge. Comparison of these two philosophers is due to the fact that among their contemporaries they were able to find the best harmony between knowledge and faith, as well as the fact that such a comparison allows us to look at how this problem was solved in different religious traditions. The study used a large amount of research literature and various sources. A feature of this study that distinguishes it from many others is that we approached the comparison of this problem from different angles, including the social historical context in the study, and also tracing the influence of this problem on the solution of various issues. In the course of the study, we examined the individual doctrinal problems of two thinkers, outlined the historical context of their teachings, presenting the discourse and their disputes with other currents. And also we compared the correlation of knowledge and faith on the example of the solution of social and ethical problems by Thomas Aquinas and Maimonides. As a result of the study, it is planned to find out what were the main similarities and differences in solving the problem of the correlation of knowledge and faith in the two philosophers, as well as how their approach to other problems could affect it.