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The Impact of Intellegance and Experience on Generating Analogies in Experts and Novicies

Student: Kseniia Vergeles

Supervisor: Yulia A. Tyumeneva

Faculty: Institute of Education

Educational Programme: Measurements in Psychology and Education (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2019

What makes a person an expert and how does the expertise affect on his cognitive processes in general? In this paper we attempted to answer the question about the possibility of transferring skills gained with experience in a particular subject area to the General area of knowledge as well as the question of how intelligence and experience are related. Having based on the comparison of experts 'and novices' answers to our instrument, we have obtained results indicating significant differences between experts only in their subject area. The experts did not show significant differences in the field of general knowledge and in the IQ. Also, there was no connection between the success of the analogy in a highly specialized field in the General area of knowledge and the relationship of this ability with intelligence. The result are discussed.

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