Year of Graduation
Space of the Industrial World in the German-speaking Expressionism Poetry
The following thesis research is dedicated to Expressionism poetry, one of the leading avant-garde literary movements in Germany of the beginning of the 20th century. The paper focuses on the spacial aspect of the industrial world which includes three main spaces: the metropolis and the natural ones, and the space of war. In Expressionism, they were formed due to industrial processes and sharp changes within all the 19th century. Their correlation and the place of the human in the industrial space enables to depict its main characteristics. A new term Homo industrialis, offered in this research, might serve to describe the kind of human represented in Expressionism poetry whose main feature is dependence on the surrounding space. A vertical connection, established between them, represents the human in a subordinated condition and the space tending to conquer and destroy him.