Year of Graduation
Economic Ethics of Modern Pentecostals: Categories of Understanding and Implementation Practices
Nowadays we can observe the development of alternative ways of professing Christianity - Protestantism and especially Pentecostalism. Pentecostalism is one of the most actively developing Christian denominations, whose number of followers is growing rapidly every year. The active development of Pentecostalism has also been noted by the sociologist Peter Berger, who, speaking at a conference in the late XX - early XXI, presented a report entitled «Max Weber is still alive and well living in Guatemala: The Protestant ethics today». The analogy of modern Pentecostals with Weberian Calvinists is not accidental. Number of studies were trying to investigate the connection between Pentecostal ethics and economic development. According to the work of Weber, The Protestant faith was accepted by some of the richest and most economically developed regions in the XVI century. In contrast, Modern Pentecostals disproportionately come from the lowest class. However, there is a mutual factor: religious ethics served as a positive source of economic development in both cases. Hence, what is the economic ethics of Pentecostalism in such a case? The purpose of this study is to identify the main aspects of religious economic behavior of Modern Pentecostals. 12 semi-structured interviews were conducted, some of which were characterized as triad interviews. Focus was placed on the leaders of the Pentecostal churches of the Udmurt Republic. As a result of a review of theoretical approaches, a study of Economic Ethics was presented from the perspective of two lines: the effect of the persecuted group and sustainable ethical identity. An analysis of the empirical data revealed that modern Pentecostals cannot be called a persecuted group: they occupy government posts, work and do business with representatives of other religious denominations and non-believers. Analysis from the perspective of sustainable ethical identity is associated with the religious concept of salvation. Thus, in modern Pentecostalism the criteria of the «true faith» (including membership in the church, proselytism, adherence to strict codes of conduct, and so on) forms religious ethics. This is characterized as an integral system of values, rather than a set of good deeds that imply an approach to salvation. There is a kind of vicious circle, which gives followers a certain framework of economic behavior.