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The Implementation of Innovative (Smart) Technologies in the Urban Economy of Large Cities: the Case of Saint-Petersburg and Moscow

Student: Aleksei Kuznetcov

Supervisor: Alexander M. Khodachek

Faculty: Saint-Petersburg School of Social Sciences and Area Studies

Educational Programme: Urban Development and Local Administration (Master)

Year of Graduation: 2019

The purpose of writing the master's thesis was to identify and analyze factors contributing to the introduction of smart city technologies, as well as to develop recommendations for the application of smart city technologies in the sectors of the municipal economy of St. Petersburg. As part of the study, the concepts of “smart city” and “smart city” technologies were examined, foreign practices of using smart city technologies were studied, and the state programs of St. Petersburg and Moscow were analyzed. The innovative potential of St. Petersburg and Moscow was assessed, the most significant industries were identified based on the localization coefficient (construction, wholesale and retail trade, transport and communications), the factors (institutional, economic, technological) that contribute to the introduction of smart city technologies were identified, Of the “smart city” used in St. Petersburg and Moscow, a SWOT analysis was made and recommendations were made on the development of the concept of a “smart city” in St. Petersburg. As a result of the analysis on the use of “smart city” technologies, which are used in various sectors of St. Petersburg and Moscow, the author came to the conclusion that these technologies allow rational use of economic, temporary and other resources by all residents of the city. At the same time, when implementing “smart solutions”, there are risks associated with data security and access rights to information. Recommendations for the development of the concept of "smart city" in St. Petersburg are given. Among the proposals are: 1) using the methodology for assessing the development of a “smart city”; 2) the creation of the urban dialogue platform; 3) popularization of the “smart city” concept; 4) the implementation of international and interregional exchange of experience in the implementation of smart solutions; 5) training of qualified personnel.

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