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  • Requirements for Candidates and the Selection Procedure for Judges in Russia and the United States: a Comparative Legal Analysis

Student
Title
Supervisor
Faculty
Educational Programme
Final Grade
Year of Graduation
Diana Ovakimyan
Requirements for Candidates and the Selection Procedure for Judges in Russia and the United States: a Comparative Legal Analysis
Jurisprudence
(Bachelor’s programme)
9
2019
Our investigation is devoted to a comparative analysis of the components of the status of judges, guaranteeing their independence and impartiality, in the Russian Federation and in the USA. Thus, the purpose of this study is to examine the requirements for candidates and the selection procedure for the post of judge in accordance with Russian law and US law and precedent.

The work identified the following tasks:

- to identify the requirements for candidates for the post of judge, enshrined in domestic legislation and the American system;

- study the order of formation of the judiciary in the Russian Federation and the United States;

- to conduct a comparative legal analysis of the legislation of Russia and the USA regarding the basic requirements and procedure for the selection of candidates;

-identify a number of actual problems for the Russian and American judicial systems and give them a justification;

-to suggest solutions to problems in the Russian Federation and to justify the possibility of borrowing foreign experience.

The structure of the work due to its purpose and objectives, includes an introduction, 3 chapters, conclusion and list of references. The first chapter includes 3 sections that consistently reveal the social and legal status of a judge in 2 countries, and also provides a comparative description of the rules of conduct and the image of judges in these legal families. The second chapter consists of 4 sections in which the requirements and the procedure for the selection of candidates for judges in the Russian Federation and in the USA are disclosed, and similarities and differences between them are revealed. The third chapter identifies and justifies problems in the system of requirements and selection procedure, and also contains proposals for improving the Russian judicial system on the basis of the stated comparative legal analysis.

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