Year of Graduation
Portuguese, Spanish and Dutch Infiltration into Japan in the XVI-XVII Centuries
Despite the large number of works devoted to the study of the "Christian Century in Japan", this topic continues to interest scientists and raise new research questions. This paper discusses the activities of Catholic missionary orders in Japan from 1590 to 1614. The focus is on the role of the Jesuits, Franciscans, Dominicans, and Augustinians in the colonial policies of Spain and Portugal, as well as in Japan. The main focus of the work is focused on changing the relationship between Catholic orders in Japan: before the appearance of representatives of the United Provinces of the Netherlands from 1590 to 1600, and after from 1600 to 1614. The working hypothesis of the study was the assumption of the global nature of the Counter-Reformation, and as a result, a change in the relationship between the orders as a result of the appearance of Protestants in Japan, and the unification of Catholic missionaries into a single “Christian community” after 1600. analysis of changes in the image of the “Other” in the face of the Society of Jesus among representatives of begging orders. To achieve this goal, sources of primarily written nature were attracted: letters, reports, reports, etc., including still unpublished sources from the General Archives of India. One of the main results was the demonstration and analysis of changes in the image of the “Other” in the person of the Jesuit order among representatives of begging orders, taking into account the influence on them of global, European, regional factors, as well as in the context of their interrelationships.