Year of Graduation
Legal Responsibility in the Light of Neurobiological Research
The quickly developing field of cognitive neurobiological research holds the promise to have a significant influence on the way we look at our legal system and particularly the way we attribute guilt to people and punish them. Some scholars suggest that new findings in the field will radically transform our understanding of causes of human socially approved behavior and misbehavior. Other scholars argue that neuroscience can only provide a certain number of novel details of explanation of human behavior and existing legal doctrine is, in principle, capable of accommodating any of the new data from cognitive neuroscience. In this study literature representing both approaches was thoroughly analyzed and judgments on advantages and disadvantages of each view were made. An extensive number of other topics concerning legal responsibility in the light of neurobiological research, including potential threat to the privacy, neuroexplanation and neuroprediction of criminal behavior, neurobiology in courts and neurobiology of punishment, were also covered in the current work.