Year of Graduation
Forms, Peculiarities and Problems of Territorial Organizations of City Districts
The work is devoted to the study of the existing territorial organization of city districts and the search for mechanisms for its improvement. The study has found that many Russian city districts do not fully correspond to the essence of the concept of "city district". This problem is considered to be caused by the presence of gaps in the legislation and the desire of the state to interfere in the management processes at the local level, which leads to an increase in the number of city districts. It is also proved, that the real needs of the population are often not taken into account when creating city districts. It is noted, that in regions, where the territorial organization of city districts has changed frequently, the predominant forms of city districts are large, whereas in regions with a minimum number of changes, very small, clamped forms of city districts can be found. A classification of the real subtypes of city districts, based on the analysis of the existing territorial organization of city districts, was constructed. The basis for the categorisation has been already established earlier and divided city districts into "uezd-like", "pomestie-like" and "ostrog-like". It was then supplemented with two new subtypes, namely the "enclave" and "polycentric". The study also provided a number of recommendations for improving the territorial organization of city districts. General recommendations are to add additional criteria to the legislation to give municipalities the status of city and municipal districts. More specific solutions are the division of urban districts into smaller municipal districts, the improvement of inter-municipal cooperation, the establishment of special regimes of ownership of certain types of the infrastructure and the change of territorial boundaries of city districts.