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The Arab Republic of Egypt Development in the 21st Century: Regional and Social Inequality
Egypt has the largest population among Arab countries. This country was a leader in the Arab world in the second half of the twentieth century and today it is again trying to claim one of the leading positions in the region. However, the Egyptian economy is currently facing particular difficulties. This work aims to provide a comprehensive study of the socio-economic structure of the Arab Republic of Egypt. Its goal is to understand how this country will develop in the future. The paper analyzes the current state of the economy and society of Egypt. On the basis of this analysis, a forecast of the economic and social development of this country in the future is made. The structure of the economy of Egypt is carefully studied in the research. Social and regional inequality is analyzed. The results of the study show that Egyptian economy has not yet completed industrialization and the majority of the country's population is quite poor. The cluster analysis of the regions shows that the main gap in the quality of life lies between rural and urban governorates. Given the ratio of projected GDP growth and population growth, it can be concluded that the risks of social upheavals still exist. The Egyptian government needs to carefully build domestic policies, overcome poverty, and develop infrastructure to ensure stability and economic development.