Year of Graduation
Elliptical Sentences in the Russian and the Engllish Language. The Functional and Stylistic Analysis of Elliptical sentences used in "Theatre" by S. Maugham
Foreign Languages and Intercultural Communication
This paper is devoted to the study of incomplete sentences in the modern English and Russian languages in terms of the ratio of the structural, semantic, communicative and functional aspects of syntax. This work is aimed to compare and analyze incomplete sentences and their functions in the English and Russian languages on the basis of the work of S. Maugham's “Theater” and its translation in Russian by G. Ostrovskaya. Within the topic, works of several authors were examined and analyzed. The theoretical basis of the research is the structural semantic direction, the main provisions of which are summarized in the works by Professor V.V. Baibaytseva. The paper comprises of five chapters. In the first chapter we describe the sentence as a syntactic unit and its various classifications. The next chapter is concerned with the the concept and application of incomplete sentences. We give different definitions of incomplete sentences and their classifications from semantic and structural point of view. Moreover, we study various types of incomplete sentences (also elliptical sentences) mainly in one-member sentences, which are distinguished by the ratio of their structural and semantic features, according to the terms of their use, according to the form and type of speech, according to the structures belonging to a certain level of the syntactic system. In the practical part English and Russian incomplete sentences are analyzed from structural and semantic aspects and according to the classification of the Professor V.V. Baibaytseva. In addition, we analyze the main functions, which all incomplete sentences possess in the English and in the Russian languages. The research methodology includes the descriptive and descriptive - comparative method. In the conclusion we summarize the main points and define the problem for future research.