Year of Graduation
Foreign Policy of the USSR in 1939 - 1940s in the Perception of Soviet Citizens
Throughout the summer of 1939 Europe was on the verge of the Second World War. 24 August, 1939 Soviet citizens became aware of the conclusion of the Treaty of non-aggression between Germany and the USSR. The Treaty provoked a wide public outcry, the reaction to this event, despite the official propaganda, was rather ambiguous. The subsequent events of the initial period of the Second World War – the incorporation of Western Ukraine and Western Belarus, Baltic States, Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina into the USSR, the Winter War also did not leave Soviet people indifferent. During the initial period of war there have been changes in the public consciousness, changes in attitude towards the threat of war. The rise of patriotism occasionally turned to anxiety, an enemy image fluctuated over time. The proposed research focuses on the above-mentioned developments, reactions and expectations of Soviet people regarding these events and issue of war and peace in public sentiments. The study seeks to explore more fully the features of the pre-war public sentiments in the USSR.