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Triumphalnaya Square as a Place: the Impact of City Development Programmes on Place Identity

ФИО студента: Maria Gutsaliuk

Руководитель: Ivan Mitin

Кампус/факультет: Vysokovsky Graduate School of Urbanism

Программа: Urban Development and Spatial Planning (Master)

Год защиты: 2019

This paper examines the impact of city development programs’ results on Moscow’s place identity. Triumphalnaya Square was selected as a pilot platform which was subjected to reconstruction of “My Street” program in 2015. Undoubtedly, such development programs radically transform the territory. But how these changes affect the territory identity – this is the main purpose of this work. The theoretical part of the work shows that the place, which is a part of space designated by a person and endowed with a specific context, can evoke a special individual interpretation and understanding of each of us. Constructing space through its understanding and emotional appropriation, a person creates a territorial identity, which is a symbolic and semantic capital, which is able to form the relationship between a place and a person in the process of his identification (of a person) with the environment. Comprehending the territory, a person creates a place and in parallel determines his own vision of the uniqueness of this part of space. Therefore, it was proposed to include identity in place concept. The main research methods are included observation, semi-formalized go-along interviews and mental mapping. The results of the empirical part show that the city development program “My Street” dictates the new identity that does not include historicity of Triumphalnaya Square. This not sustained element prevents the full perception of the area, which may entail place degradation, and, accordingly, cause the appearance of a placeless.

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