Year of Graduation
Transfer of Park Concept of "Natural Environment" to the Russian Urban Context
Elena Konstantinovna Karpenko
This research presents an analysis of park elements made in the concept of “natural garden” transferred from Western projects to Moscow ones (through the example of Muzeon art park and Zaryadye park). My thesis is focused on the choice of borrowed features that Russian landscape architects and designers do and how they are built into Moscow urban space. The selection of parks where is the same “natural” style but a different space organization is based on their comparison: two modern parks which are popular among Moscow residents and tourists work in different ways. In this study I will analyze what elements of landscape design are used in these parks and why, how they work on the general picture of the parks and their image among visitors, what values and meanings are put in these elements by designers and architects. The study is divided into three parts. In the first part will be analyzed three Western projects: The High Line, Millennium Park and Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park. In the second part I will observe Muzeon and in the third one – Zaryadye as the Moscow objects following the Western tendency in landscape design and adopting its experience. The concept of “park as the third place” by J. Jacobs is used to explain the functions of park space. The P. Oudolf’s concept of “natural garden” is used to illustrate the methods of the landscape style.